How do you create success for Pacific learners?
This is part of a series on learner centred teaching.
The Fonofale is a holistic, Pasifika model of health and wellbeing. As with Durie’s Te Whare Tapa Whā it comes from the healthcare sector.
You can use it to create success for Pacific learners.
Where does it come from?
The Fonofale Pasifika model was created by Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endemann (2009). Pulotu-Endemann is a Samoan-born, New Zealand-based academic and nursing professional.
What’s it for?
As with Te Whare Tapa Whā it’s designed to help you think about health, education or other aspects of life in a more holistic way.
What is it?
It’s a visual representation of Pasifika values and beliefs. We use the Samoan fale or house to describe the important factors of healthy development. Here are the parts below.
This is the extended family – the foundation for all Pacific Island cultures.
The stands for the cultural values and beliefs that are the family’s shelter for life. This can include traditional as well as western ways of doing things.
The Pou (posts)
These connect the family to the culture. They also depend on each other. They are
This relates to the sense of wellbeing that comes from Christianity or traditional spirituality or a combination of both.
This relates to the wellbeing and physical health of the body.
This relates to the mind including thinking and emotional wellbeing as well as behaviours.
This includes other things like gender, sexual orientation, age, social class, employment, and educational status.
Around the outside
The fale is surrounded by a protective layer. This includes:
- Environment. This relates to the relationships that Pasifika people have to their physical environment. This can be rural or urban.
- Context. This dimension relates to the “big picture’ for Pasifika including socio-economic or political situations.
- Time. This relates to the actual or specific time in history that impacts on Pasifika people.
How is it relevant?
It’s relevant because you can use your knowledge of the Fonofale to enhance your teaching. As with Te Whare Tapa Whā, this knowledge is not limited to just working with the people groups it represents.
This approach is also relevant because it will help create a learning environment that is culturally safe for Pasifika learners.
What does it mean for me?
If you identify as Pasifika, the Fonofale is a framework that allows you to talk about how you probably already work with your learners.
If you are not Pasifika, the framework allows you to see your learners, particularly your Pacific Island learners in a different way, perhaps closer to how they see themselves.
Some questions to think about
Here are some questions from the learner’s point of view to help you focus on each part of the Fonofale model:
- Do I have support from my family to do this course? (Family).
- Does this course connect with my Pacific cultural values and beliefs? (Culture).
- Do I have the resources to do this course? (Physical).
- Do I believe that I can do this course? (Spiritual).
- Can I cope with the workload? (Mental).
- Is there anything that’s going to get in the way of my goals here? (Others).
- Are my surroundings, including home and work, going to help me achieve? (Environment).
- Can I afford to do this at the moment? (Context and time).
It may not always be possible to always attend to all dimensions of the Fonofale for all of your Pasifika learners. But one big implication is that if you have learners who are struggling, or who are not engaged, then the Fonofale may help you work out where the problem is and how to deal with it.
But one big implication is that if you have learners who are struggling, or who are not engaged, then the Fonofale may help you work out where the problem is and how to deal with it.
Interested in more?
For more on Learner Centred Teaching please check out these resources of mine:
- Three Simple Approaches You Need for Learner Centred Teaching
- What is Learner-Centred? 12 Concepts from Te Ao Māori You Should Embrace to Create Learning Success
What is Learner-Centred Teaching – 12 Concepts from Te Ao Māori You Should Embrace to Create Learning Success
Discover time-honoured approaches to learner-centred teaching
What if I told you that there were time-honoured approaches to teaching and learning you can use to create the conditions for learning success. Imagine if your teaching really connected with your learners… What if your classroom or training environment was a place where your learners felt like they belonged and wanted to learn?
Here’s a secret. It’s totally possible if you discover and embrace time-honoured concepts from Te Ao Māori – the Māori world. This book is for you if you want to teach or train in a way that is more learner-centred or if you want to learn to think in a more holistic way. Read more here
CHECK OUT WHAT IS LEARNER-CENTRED TEACHING? 12 CONCEPTS FROM TE AO MĀORI YOU SHOULD EMBRACE TO CREATE LEARNING SUCCESS BY GRAEME SMITH
Click the link below to find out more about What is Learner-Centred? 12 Concepts from Te Ao Māori You Should Embrace to Create Learning Success
Three Simple Approaches You Need for Learner-Centred Teaching
Find out more about three of the fundamentals of adult teaching
Have you ever thought about how to improve your teaching? Have you ever wondered what it takes to create learner success in any teaching environment? Well, you need three things. Make that four things… You need to:
- Understand what people mean when they talk about “learner-centred” teaching.
- Know how to leverage your learners’ prior knowledge.
- Have simple ways of increasing the motivation of your students.
- Know what learner agency is and how to develop it.
Read more here.
CHECK OUT THREE SIMPLE APPROACHES YOU NEED FOR LEARNER-CENTRED TEACHING BY GRAEME SMITH
Click the link below to find out more about Three Simple Approaches You Need for Learner Centred Teaching – Proven Ways to Use Prior Knowledge, Increase Motivation and Develop Learner Agency to Pave the Road to Learning Success
Literacy & Numeracy – It’s Not Rocket Science
Learn the fundamentals of literacy and numeracy with Graeme Smith
Discover how to be more successful in your teaching journey. I’ll introduce and explain some of the fundamentals of adult literacy and numeracy.
Once you’ve finished reading, you will have a better understanding of the basics including how to integrate or embed literacy and numeracy into your teaching. This includes with technical and vocational education. You can read more here.
Now bundled wth two free printable resources – a place value chart and hundreds grid.
CHECK OUT LITERACY AND NUMERACY: IT’S NOT ROCKET SCIENCE BY GRAEME SMITH
Click the link below to find out more about Literacy and Numeracy: It’s Not Rocket Science.
The Educator Entrepreneur – Don’t Bring a Whiteboard Marker to a Knife Fight
Learn how to think like an Entrepreneur with Graeme Smith
Education is a tough business to work in. And that’s true regardless of whether you are a teacher, a trainer or any kind of specialist educator. But what if you’re a business owner AS WELL…!
If you’re like me, most days you’re probably pretty excited about what you do. But some days… Some days I can’t understand why anyone would want to work in education. But I learned to survive and thrive and you can too. Teach yourself a lesson and start thinking like an entrepreneur. Read more here
CHECK OUT THE EDUCATOR ENTREPRENEUR – DON’T BRING A WHITEBOARD MAKER TO A KNIFE FIGHT BY GRAEME SMITH
Click the link below to find out more about The Educator Entrepreneur – Don’t Bring a Whiteboard Marker to a Knife Fight