What is it?
Tino rangatiratanga means self-determination
Can we dig a little deeper?
Tino rangatiratanga refers to determination by Māori of issues that impact on Māori.
Taken literally, rangatira means chief and -tanga implies the quality or attributes of chieftainship. When you add tino in this context means the phrase can be translated as ‘absolute/unqualified chieftainship’.
The closest English translation is self-determination. And this extends to the learners’ right to define their powers of decision-making, leading to their independence.
How does this help describe a learner-centred teaching environment?
Tino rangatiratanga helps describe a learner-centred teaching environment because we want to develop independent learners who can make their own decisions about their training and lives in general.
This is particularly important for Māori and other learners who have not been served well by our institutions.
We need to develop learners who have the ability to make choices and exercise a high degree of control, such as what they do and how they do it.
We can support self-determination by:
- Providing positive opportunities for our learners to be challenged, such as leadership opportunities,
- Providing appropriate feedback
- Establishing and maintaining good relationships between teachers and students.
These strategies can increase learners’ interest, competence, creativity and desire to be challenged. They also help ensure that students are intrinsically (internally) motivated to study.
On the other hand, learners who lack self-determination are more likely to feel that any kind of success is out of their control. These learners lose motivation to study, which causes them to feel helpless and believe that they will fail. This becomes another self-fulfilling prophecy and the vicious circle of low achievement continues.
- What choices did your learners make to end up where they are now?
- What do you do to develop independent learners who can see that they have options and choices in their study, work, and life?