It’s difficult to say exactly what is causing the problem of low adult literacy and numeracy in Aotearoa New Zealand. What we can say though is that low adult literacy and numeracy skills are associated with certain kinds of things.
Just because two things happen together doesn’t always mean that one causes the other. This is an easy mistake to make. In technical terms, we can say this: “Correlation does not imply causation.”
So the point is to be a bit cautious when we’re talking about what we think is causing the problem.
That said, here’s a list of things that often pop up when we talk about what’s causing low skills in the adult population in literacy and numeracy:
- The impact of colonisation.
- Socio-economic factors.
- Cycles of poverty.
- Poor teaching.
We’ll have a look at each of these next.